Work Science Center Network Member, Kostadin Kushlev, and a team of co-researchers noticed something strange in psychological literature: where were the studies on hospitality? As they combed through indices of flourishing, instruments for well-being, they found staggeringly little attention paid to this universal and cross-cutting phenomenon. Despite the fact that all people across time, every culture, and every demographic has practiced hospitality, only scraps of research emerged. Even more, they found few tools to investigate hospitality.
Ever been working only to hear an enticing little “ping!” accompanied by a bright light? If so, you’re likely one of the 90% of people ages 18-49 who own a phone. Psychologists and organizations alike have wondered how these ever-present interruptions affect workers.
Work Science Center Network Member Boris Baltes teamed up with four other researches to put out a plea: help fill the knowledge gap about workers caring for elders. These five scientists dedicated a year to soliciting original research about employees providing eldercare. As a result, they received thirteen papers, six of which they featured in a special issue of the Journal of Business and Psychology.
Social Media, specifically LinkedIn, has played an increasingly important role in connecting job seekers with employers and recruiters. A recent article presented data from two studies exploring how LinkedIn is, and can be, used as a selection tool. Overall, these studies suggest that LinkedIn may be a viable way to examine job seekers’ skills and abilities, particularly those that are more visible. Further, using an itemized approach to evaluating LinkedIn profiles, rather than a more holistic approach, can help ensure a reduced level of adverse impact, thereby increasing the diversity of candidates that are considered at the next step in the application process.
WSC Network Member, Lisa Finkelstein, led a team of researchers, including fellow WSC Network Member, Hannes Zacher, in a study of how age meta-stereotypes might lead to outcomes like conflict, avoidance, or work engagement.Taken together these results offer an interesting narrative about individuals’ perceptions of others’ stereotypes. Specifically, individuals who feel as though others hold a negative view of their age group that is similar to stereotypical older workers, they view that as a challenge and are more likely to engage in conflict, avoid interacting with others, but also to feel more engaged at work. Workers who feel as if others view their age group in a way that is similar to the negative stereotypes of younger workers, are more likely to view this as a threat and are thus also more likely to engage in conflict and avoid interactions with others, but do not see the positive boost in work engagement.
WSC Network Member, Margaret Luciano recently published a paper focusing on team behaviors. Specifically, teams researchers have relied on a framework of team processes (i.e., things that team members do) for the better part of the last two decades, but no one has designed a measurement tool to capture these explicit behaviors. Mathieu, Luciano, and colleagues collected data from 714 teams (3,484 individual people) to create a survey designed to capture perceptions about these team processes.
Transitioning from active military duty to civilian jobs can be particularly challenging, but relatively little empirical work has been done to explore this period. A recent paper examines how supportive behaviors from a supervisor can help in this transition, particularly with regard to the work-life challenges that arise.
Darell Burell, and a team of researchers recently published a paper investigating factors impacting whistleblowing in police departments. Results from a series of focus groups consisting of a combination of current and former African-American police officers focused on ethical experiences on the force and provide nine main propositions for encouraging ethical climates in police departments.
Thiel and colleagues determined that teams with high levels of initial relationship conflict have worse interpersonal processes and team coordination. This can be overcome, however, through cognitive reappraisal (i.e., thinking about conflict differently).
Within the United States, there exists a racial pay gap, such that a college-educated Black man can expect to earn about 80% of what a college-educated White man will earn, on average. A recent paper published in the Journal of Applied Psychology explored potential psychological explanations for why this might be the case, focusing on the role of race in pay negotiations.